ERIC Number: ED450891
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Non-Licensed Forms of Child Care in Homes: Issues and Recommendations for State Support.
Morgan, Gwen; Elliott, Kim; Beaudette, Christine; Azer, Sheri
Noting the increased interest of states in exploring how they can provide supports to informal child-care providers to improve the quality of care and education that children receive, this report discusses quality initiatives, licensing issues, training, and monitoring of various forms of non-licensed family child care. The types of care considered are: (1) relative care; (2) kith care, care provided by non-family members who are considered "family"; (3) care by friends; (4) care by neighbors; (5) in-home care by au pairs, nannies, housekeepers, or maids; and (6) family child-care homes that are licensed in some states but unlicensed in others due to differences in states' threshold definitions of family child care. Part 1 of the paper discusses the importance of common definitions of family child care to facilitate research and policy making. Part 2 summarizes state licensing regulations and exemptions, and examines how states' policies for family child care result in defining what is not licensed. Section 3 describes the different forms of care in homes that are not regulated by licensing and suggests ways that states can support each form of care. Section 4 offers eight recommendations for needed policy reforms. Appendix A provides an overview of exemptions to licensing policies for the 13 states in which the definition of family child care covers the care of just one child. Appendix B presents a continuum of types of training that are appropriate for the different kinds of caregivers in each form of care. Contains 14 references. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wheelock Coll., Boston, MA. Center for Career Development in Early Care and Education.