ERIC Number: ED450679
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Credits and Attainment: Returns to Postsecondary Education Ten Years after High School. Statistical Analysis Report. Postsecondary Education Descriptive Analysis Reports.
Zucker, Brian; Dawson, Royal
This analysis examined 16 student characteristics and their association with earnings 10 years after high school. The study used data from the High School and Beyond Longitudinal Study (HS&B) and the HS&B Postsecondary Education Transcript (PETS) file. The information in these files was gathered through a nationally representative survey of high school sophomores in 1980 with several follow-up surveys. To facilitate the analysis, characteristics were organized around four broad aspects of experience and backgrounds: (1) demography and family background; (2) high school preparation; (3) postsecondary experience; and (4) early work experience. As of 1992, just under 63% of the students had at least some college, and 42% had completed a program leading to a degree or certificate. Student educational attainment was closely related to several aspects of sociodemographic background. After controlling for academic and labor force experiences and background characteristics, a baccalaureate or associate's degree was shown to contribute significantly to earnings, and the results were generally consistent with what others have estimated. Students with a bachelor's degree earned about 23% more on average than students with no college, and for students with an associate's degree, there was about 19% differential compared with high school graduates. However, after controlling for multiple aspects of student experience and background, the economic returns of some college credits, apart from degree completion, were negligible. When coursework was vocationally focused, there was more likely to be an association with higher earnings. Three appendixes contain tables of regression analysis control variables, a glossary, and technical notes. (Contains 32 tables, 2 figures, and 22 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: College Credits, College Preparation, Demography, Educational Attainment, Educational Experience, High School Graduates, High Schools, Higher Education, Income, Student Characteristics, Tables (Data), Work Experience
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.; Human Capital Research Corp., Chicago, IL.