ERIC Number: ED450665
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Mar
Physics Academic Workforce Report, 2000. AIP Report.
Ivie, Rachel; Stowe, Katie; Czujko, Roman
This report discusses trends in the physics academic workforce and the implications of these trends for the future academic job market. In March 2000, a survey was sent to 766 U.S. physics departments that grant at least a bachelor's degree in physics, and 725 responses were received, a response rate of 95%. Degree-granting physics departments in the United States employed an estimated 8,375 full-time equivalent physicists during the spring of 2000. Very few were African American or Hispanic, and two-thirds of the African American physicists worked at historically black colleges and universities. The turnover and retirement rates for physics faculty increased, and for the first time, the retirement rate was above 3% and expected to increase slowly. The numbers of new hires also increased. In 2000, U.S. physics departments hired an estimated 335 tenured and tenure-track faculty members, and for 20001, the departments recruited an estimated 509 tenured and tenure-track faculty. Physicists from the most recent U.S. Ph.D. Class are not likely to be hired directly into faculty jobs at physics departments that grant Ph.D.s. Most new full-time faculty have completed postdoctoral fellowships, have worked as faculty in other institutions, or have worked in nonacademic settings. The increased demand for physics faculty comes at a time when the pool of potential faculty is decreasing, but the academic job market is affected by many factors that must be considered in predicting its future. (Contains 11 tables, 3 figures, and 3 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: College Faculty, College Graduates, Employment Opportunities, Higher Education, Labor Market, Physics
American Institute of Physics, Statistical Research Center, One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740-3843. Tel: 301-209-3070. For full text: http://www.api.org/statistics.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Inst. of Physics, College Park, MD. Statistical Research Center.