ERIC Number: ED450548
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jul
Design and Construction Guidance for Community Shelters. FEMA 361.
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.
This manual presents guidance to engineers, architects, building officials, and prospective shelter owners concerning the design and construction of community shelters that will provide protection during tornado and hurricane events. The manual covers two types of community shelters: stand-alone shelters designed to withstand high winds and the impact of windborne debris during tornadoes, hurricanes, or other extreme-wind events; and internal shelters specially designed within an existing building to provide the same wind and missile protection. The shelters are intended to provide protection during a short-term, high-wind event, such as a tornado or hurricane. Shelter location, design loads, performance criteria, and human factor criteria that should be considered for the design and construction of such shelters are provided, as are case studies to illustrate how to evaluate existing shelter areas, make shelter selections, and provide construction drawings, emergency operation plans, and cost estimates. Included in the appendices is a case study involving a school shelter design in Kansas. Other appendices provide site assessment checklists; a benefit-cost analysis model for tornado and hurricane shelters; another case study of a stand-alone community shelter (North Carolina); wall sections, doors, and hardware that passed the missile impact tests; and design guidance on missile impact protection levels for wood sheathing. (GR)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.