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ERIC Number: ED450500
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Skilled Performance in Individuals with Developmental Disabilities.
Stough, Laura M.
This qualitative study examined constructs of "expertise" in the domain of music with five groups of handbell choirs, four of which were comprised of individuals with mental retardation or developmental disability. Subjects with mental retardation also differed in their residential placements (home, community, institutions) and level of developmental disability. Information was obtained from direct observation, videotapes, interviews with choir directors, and a stimulated recall procedure. Results are analyzed in terms of the "central phenomenon" (the bell ringing event) and a model of "socially shared expertise" comprised of causal conditions, intervening variables, strategies, and consequences. Discussion centers on definitions of expertise, expertise as socially shared cognition, distributing the cognitive load through the group, situated practice, and scaffolding. The paper concludes that the groups with mental retardation differed from the control group in the amount of cognitive load assumed by the director, in the amount of self-monitoring versus other-directed monitoring, in the amount of attention given to the director's cues, and in planning by directors. (Contains 95 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A