ERIC Number: ED450494
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Competence in Individuals with Mental Retardation.
Stough, Laura M.
This investigation, which was part of a larger dissertation study, examined high-level performance in groups of people with developmental disabilities and the instruction that facilitated such performance. Specifically, it focused on those aspects of instruction that appeared to be particularly effective in eliciting a high level of performance in musical performance groups. The participants for the study were directors of and the performers in five separate handbell choirs. The ringers in four of these handbell choirs (n=56) were individuals with mental retardation or developmental disabilities, whereas the performers in the fifth group consisted of individuals who did not have disabilities. Three major categories emerged from the data collected in the study, distributed cognitive load of producing a musical piece, scaffolding, and situated practice. Results found that the primary difference in the instruction by the directors of the groups with developmental disabilities was that directors adopted more of the cognitive load and planned for the task so that the ringers had less processing they had to manage. These directors also monitored the ringers in the group much more on a local level, for example, the mechanics of how an individual was ringing a bell. (Contains 41 references.) (CR)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Texas Council for Exceptional Children (23rd, Houston, TX, March 1994).