ERIC Number: ED450405
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Teachers' Beliefs about Successful Teaching and Learning in English and Mathematics.
A paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education Conference in 1999 focused on links between beliefs and practices in the teaching of mathematics at the primary and secondary levels. This current paper adds links between beliefs and practices in the teaching of English at the primary and secondary levels. The paper includes both sets of data for comparison purposes. It describes a study in which four primary schools (17 teachers interviewed), three high school mathematics departments (10 teachers interviewed), and two high school English departments (12 teachers interviewed) were visited; interviews were taped and transcribed. It states that teachers' responses were categorized in four ways: practices related to their epistemological beliefs; practices related to their beliefs about motivation; practices related to their beliefs about pedagogy; and attributional beliefs not tied to specific teaching practices. The paper reports that the most marked differences emerged at the epistemological level for mathematics, that is, teachers' conceptions of the nature of mathematics and its place within the school curriculum. It relates that primary teachers tended to see mathematics as tied to students' everyday lives, linked with other aspects of the curriculum, while secondary teachers tended to see mathematics as self contained--their role was to guide students through its orderly, logical structure. The paper notes that such marked differences between primary and high school teachers did not emerge for English, but primary teachers focused on the development of literacy as a basic educational tool, while high school teachers were caught between arguments for functional literacy versus personal development. (Contains 4 tables and 21 references.) (NKA)
Descriptors: Beliefs, Comparative Analysis, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, English Instruction, Foreign Countries, Interviews, Mathematics Instruction, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Response
Full text at: http://www.aare.edu.au/00pap/arc00325.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia