ERIC Number: ED450330
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Aug
Theory and Research on Stereotypes and Perceptual Bias: A Didactic Resource for Multicultural Counseling Trainers.
Abreu, Jose M.
Theories and selected research on stereotyping and cognitive automaticity are presented as a resource base for multicultural counselor educators. Three multicultural competencies are identified: (1) personal beliefs/attitudes; (2) cultural knowledge; and (3) multicultural skills. The objective is to make self-awareness of covert prejudicial attitudes and beliefs easier to acknowledge by establishing that perceptual biases involving racial categories are normative and apply to almost everyone. Multicultural trainers can use existing scientific evidence indicating that perceptual processes that take place outside of conscious awareness give rise to biased perceptions involving racial or ethnic categories. A brief experiential component is presented that specifies a series of exercises designed to elicit awareness of biases in personal attitudes and beliefs toward culturally diverse groups. The training approach may be of special interest to multicultural counseling instructors looking for a way to address the needs of students who become defensive or resistant to course material. (Contains 1 figure and 103 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Psychological Association (108th, Washington, DC, August 4-8, 2000).