ERIC Number: ED450276
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluating Alternative Welfare-to-Work Approaches: Two-Year Impacts for Eleven Programs. National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.
Freedman, Stephen; Friedlander, Daniel; Hamilton, Gayle; Rock, JoAnn; Mitchell, Marisa; Nudelman, Jodi; Schweder, Amanda; Storto, Laura
The 2-year impacts of 11 welfare-to-work programs across the United States were evaluated to determine the relative effectiveness of different approaches to moving individuals from welfare to work. All 11 programs operated under the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Program. Four programs were employment focused (three low-enforcement and one high-enforcement programs), and seven were education focused (five high-enforcement and two low-enforcement programs). Although the employment-focused programs produced larger gains in employment and earnings over the 2-year follow-up period, concern was expressed that their effects may not be sustained over the long term. Several education-focused programs began to show moderate impacts in year 2. All programs reduced welfare dependency to some degree. The programs did not have widespread, large, or consistent effects on sample members' children; however, positive and negative effects occurred in some programs. High-enforcement programs did not produce the largest impacts, but low-enforcement programs resulted in only small effects. (Ninety tables/figures are included. The following items are appended: supplementary tables and figures; information about family circumstances, child outcomes, and impacts for families with preschool-age children; a survey response analysis; and a comparison of impacts estimated from survey and unemployment insurance data. The bibliography lists 55 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Accountability, Adult Education, Attitude Change, Basic Skills, Caseworker Approach, Children, Client Characteristics (Human Services), Comparative Analysis, Day Care, Delivery Systems, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Policy, Employed Women, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Employment Qualifications, Employment Services, Family Work Relationship, Financial Support, Followup Studies, Fringe Benefits, Health Insurance, Job Skills, Job Training, Mothers, National Surveys, One Parent Family, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Public Policy, Salary Wage Differentials, Services, Skill Development, Tables (Data), Vocational Education, Welfare Recipients, Well Being, Work Attitudes
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016; Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org. For full text: http://www.mdrc.org/Reports2000/NEWWS-11Prog/NEWWS-2-Year-11-Site.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Under Secretary.; Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.; Administration for Children and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: California (Riverside); Georgia (Atlanta); Michigan; Michigan (Detroit); Ohio (Columbus); Oklahoma (Oklahoma City); Oregon (Portland)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families