ERIC Number: ED450274
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Assessing the Supply and Demand for Scientists and Technologists in Europe. IES Report 377.
Pearson, R.; Jagger, N.; Connor, H.; Perryman, S.
Available evidence on the supply of and demand for professional scientists and technologists (S&Ts) in the European Union (EU) was reviewed. The main data sources were as follows: approximately 450 reference documents; national and international governments, training and employer bodies, and key international organizations; more than 100 international and national experts from the EU; survey results from 210 research and development establishments from across Europe; and a pilot econometric modeling exercise. The analysis established that the European market for S&Ts is not homogeneous and changing rapidly. More than two-thirds of the EU's approximately 800,000 S&Ts were in Germany, France, and the United Kingdom. The European S&T labor market appeared to be broadening and experiencing continued growth, with more growth occurring in the services sector and small firms. The evidence suggested that demand for S&Ts will continue to develop and fragment. The review documented a need to improve the flexibility and responsiveness of training and methods for forecasting labor supply and demand. (Fifty-three tables/figures and 373 references are included. Information about international classifications and statistical sources, the survey methodology, and pilot modeling of the supply of and demand for research scientists and engineers is appended along with detailed tables by country.) (MN)
Descriptors: Career Development, Career Ladders, Data Collection, Definitions, Econometrics, Education Work Relationship, Educational Demand, Educational Needs, Educational Research, Employer Attitudes, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Employment Projections, Employment Qualifications, Enrollment Trends, Entry Workers, Evaluation Methods, Foreign Countries, Graduates, Information Needs, Information Technology, Job Skills, Labor Needs, Labor Supply, Labor Turnover, Literature Reviews, Measurement Techniques, Models, Needs Assessment, Postsecondary Education, Public Policy, Recruitment, Research Methodology, Research Needs, Scientists, Tables (Data), Technical Education, Technical Institutes, Technical Occupations, Trend Analysis, Universities
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: European Commission, Brussels (Belgium).
Authoring Institution: Limburg Univ., Enschede (Netherlands). Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market.; Sussex Univ., Brighton (England). Inst. for Employment Studies.
Identifiers - Location: European Union