ERIC Number: ED450189
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jan-3
Reference Count: N/A
The Status of TANF Leavers in the District of Columbia: Final Report.
Acs, Gregory; Loprest, Pamela
This study examines the status of former welfare recipients in the District of Columbia (DC), highlighting families who left Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in the last quarter of 1997 and of 1998. Researchers used data from the DC Department of Human Services and interviews with people who left in 1998. Between 1997-99, DC's cash assistance caseload fell by 23.8 percent. Over 60 percent of families who left TANF were working when interviewed. Typical working TANF leavers worked 40 hours per week, earning over $8 per hour. Only 31.7 percent of employed leavers had health insurance through work. Overall, 21.6 percent of all adult leavers and 19.3 percent of their children were uninsured. The most common source of child care for working leavers was school. Friend and relative care was also common. Among jobless leavers, 23.6 percent could not afford child care at some time after leaving. About one in eight considered lack of child care a major reason for joblessness. Only 1 in 20 employed leavers reported receiving help paying child care from the welfare office. Jobless leavers generally relied on public assistance. Most families leaving TANF stayed off. In terms of material hardship, leavers were neither better nor worse off than while on TANF, though absolute levels of hardships remained relatively high. Two appendixes contain survey information and supplemental administrative data on DC TANF leavers. (SM)
Descriptors: Blacks, Children, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Employment, Females, Housing, Wages, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-429-0687; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.urban.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: District of Columbia
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families