ERIC Number: ED450186
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jun-26
Reference Count: N/A
Academic and Behavioral Outcomes among the Children of Young Mothers.
Levine, Judith A.; Pollack, Harold; Comfort, Maureen E.
This paper uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) to investigate the effects of early motherhood on the academic and behavioral outcomes of these mothers' children. The NLSY follows 12,686 young people who were age 14-21 years in 1979 with annual or biannual interviews. African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and poor whites are over-sampled. Children born to female respondents began being tracked in 1986, with biannual interviews of parents and children and assessments of psychometric and behavioral factors. Beginning in 1994, children over age the of 13 completed separate interviews exploring sexual behavior, substance abuse, pregnancy, school test scores, school completion, and criminal behavior. Data analysis indicated that compared with other children and young adults in the NLSY sample, children of teen mothers were more likely to score poorly on tests, be retained in school, initiate early sexual activity, and display problem behaviors such as truancy and fighting. There was no zero-order correlation between timing of first birth and child's use of tobacco or marijuana. For behaviors like fighting, truancy, early sexual activity, and other problem behaviors among adolescent and young adult offspring, maternal age-at-first-birth was an important risk factor. (Contains 19 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Problems, Birth Order, Early Parenthood, Grade Repetition, Poverty, Scores, Sexuality
For full text: http://www.jcpr.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.
Authoring Institution: N/A