ERIC Number: ED450184
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Feb-2
Reference Count: N/A
The Case for Public Access to Federally Funded Research Data. Policy Analysis.
Gough, Michael; Milloy, Steven
This study examines the importance of public review of federally funded scientific research by looking at several case studies. It shows that independent, nongovernmental review of federal scientific research has had a major positive effect on knowledge in many areas. The study focuses on: the Environmental Protection Agency and airborne asbestos; the panic over endocrine disrupters; the National Cancer Institute and the herbicide 2,4-D; the National Institutes of Health and the Dalkon Shield birth control device; and the Federal Drug Administration and the diet drug fen-phen. In many of those cases, third party review served to correct or prevent costly regulatory mistakes. In some cases, however, independent review of federally funded science occurred too late to prevent significant economic and consumer harm. The report considers the political, regulatory, and theoretical issues surrounding the Shelby Amendment, which requires federal agencies to ensure that all data produced under a grant be made available to the public through procedures established under the Freedom of Information Act. It concludes that the amendment, if fully complied with by federal agencies, will improve the quality of federal scientific research, and accordingly, the quality of federal regulation. (SM)
Descriptors: Asbestos, Environmental Research, Federal Regulation, Government Role, Public Policy, Scientific Research
Cato Institute, 1000 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20001. Tel: 800-767-1241 (Toll free); Fax: 202-842-3490; Website: http://www.cato.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Cato Inst., Washington, DC.