ERIC Number: ED450181
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Oct-12
Reference Count: N/A
The Diversity of Welfare Leavers. Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study. Working Paper.
Moffitt, Robert; Roff, Jennifer
This report charts the experiences of women who have done better or worse than average after leaving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, highlighting: differences in education, health, and other characteristics; differences in whether or not they were sanctioned before leaving; and differences in welfare dependency (amount of time spent on welfare before leaving and amount of time spent off welfare after leaving). Findings are based on the experiences of leavers in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio. The Three City Study surveyed 2,500 low-income families with children regarding employment, income, family structure, and caregiver characteristics. Overall, women with lower education levels, with younger children, who were in poor health, and who were themselves young had much lower employment rates and post-welfare income levels than women with more education, better health, older children, and older age themselves. Outcomes also differed among leavers with a longer history of welfare dependence. The employment and income outcomes among these leavers were considerably worse than average. Leavers who had been sanctioned did worse after leaving welfare than those not sanctioned. Three appendixes describe the Three City study, examine welfare policies in the three cities, and provide supplementary tables. (Contains 11 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Employment, Family Income, Females, One Parent Family, Poverty, Sanctions, Socioeconomic Status, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
Welfare, Children, and Families Study, Johns Hopkins University, 3003 North Charles Street/Annex, Suite 300, Baltimore, MD 21218-3855. Tel: 410-516-8920; Fax: 410-516-0601; Web site: http://www.jhu.edu/~welfare.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Administration for Children and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Social Security Administration (DHHS), Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.; Boston Foundation, MA.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Texas Univ., Austin. Hogg Foundation for Mental Health.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families