ERIC Number: ED450180
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Diversity of Welfare Leavers. Welfare, Children & Families: A Three City Study. Policy Brief.
Moffitt, Robert; Roff, Jennifer
This report charts the experiences of women who have done better or worse than average after leaving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, highlighting differences in: education, health, and other characteristics; whether or not they were sanctioned before leaving; and welfare dependency (amount of time spent on welfare before leaving and off welfare after leaving). Findings are based on the experiences of leavers in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio. The Three City Study followed approximately 2,500 low-income families with children living in low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. Surveys examined employment, income, family structure, and caregiver characteristics. Overall, there were large differences in employment, household incomes, and poverty rates for leavers with differing social and economic characteristics. Leaver earnings were only half of total household incomes on average. There was significant variation across households in the support received from sources other than leaver earnings, particularly other family members. Previously sanctioned women had worse employment and income experiences after leaving welfare then those not sanctioned. When restricting the analysis to women most heavily dependent on welfare before leaving who became relatively independent after leaving, their outcomes differed from those of conventional leavers (they earned less and depended more on government benefits). (SM)
Descriptors: Employment, Family Income, Females, One Parent Family, Poverty, Sanctions, Socioeconomic Status, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
Welfare, Children, and Families Study, Johns Hopkins University, 3003 North Charles Street/Annex, Suite 300, Baltimore, MD 21218-3855. Tel: 410-516-8920; Fax: 410-516-0601; Web site: http://www.jhu.edu/~welfare.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration for Children and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Social Security Administration (DHHS), Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.; Boston Foundation, MA.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Texas Univ., Austin. Hogg Foundation for Mental Health.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families