ERIC Number: ED450162
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-May
Post-Employment Education and Training Models in the Welfare-to-Work Grant Program.
Trutko, John; Nightingale, Deborah Smith; Barnow, Burt S.
This paper synthesizes what is currently known about providing education and training after an individual is employed and provides suggestions on models and strategies that can be effective in promoting occupational mobility and career advancement for welfare recipients. Among the rationales for considering education and training after an individual has begun work is the fact that the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program provides strong incentives for local programs to implement postemployment services. Characteristics of the welfare population, labor market trends, and the limited effect of past programs also contribute to the importance of postemployment programs. Postemployment education and training is characterized by the following five dimensions: (1) source of funding; (2) site/location; (3) relationship to current job; (4) employment objective; and (5) occupational focus. State and local agencies must develop new models that creatively combine work with the development of basic and job-related skills. Postemployment education and training are also more likely to be effective if developed in conjunction with employers in ways that are sensitive to the realities of the workplace. Work and education/training can be combined in on-the-job training, formal apprenticeship programs, and flexible scheduling of work hours. Because of the short-term nature of welfare-to-work funding, the Work First policies of TANF, and restrictions on the use of welfare-to-work funds, programs should move thoughtfully and expeditiously in implementing post-employment education and training. (Contains 33 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.