ERIC Number: ED449685
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Definir le bilinguisme. Catalogue des criteres retenus pour la definition discursive du bilinguisme (Defining Bilingualism. Catalogue of Criteria Used for the Discursive Definition of Bilingualism).
Travaux Neuchatelois de Linguistique (Tranel), n32 p55-76 Jun 2000
Definitions of bilingualism are based on different, sometimes contradictory criteria, both in scientific and ordinary use of the term. Some of the criteria most often used in scientific work on bilingualism are compared to those used by the participants in research at the linguistic Institute in Neuchatel, Switzerland, as they are talking about bilingualism, either trying to give a definition of bilingualism or talking about bilingual people, places, or settings. Participants' conceptions are influenced by two stimuli they were given during recorded conversations--the scientific definitions of Grosjean and Bloomfield. These definitions acquire conversationally a different status: while the former, focusing on language use, is merely regarded as a minimal condition of bilingualism, the later, consisting of language mastery, tends to be interpreted as an ultimate aim for "perfect bilinguals," a top level that is virtually impossible to be achieved. (Author/VWL)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Analyse conversationnelle et representations sociales: Unite et diversite de L'image du bilinguisme (Conversational Analysis and Social Representations: Unity and Diversity in the Image of Bilingualism); see FL 026 583.