ERIC Number: ED449296
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-May
Reference Count: N/A
Social Networks, Career and Training Paths for Participants in Education and Training Programs. Technical Report.
Schneider, Jo Anne
The Social Network Study was conducted in 1996 as part of a larger research project that looked at the experience of men and women with different racial, ethnic, educational backgrounds, and career paths in the Philadelphia labor market. Data were gathered through a survey focused on the relationship between work experience, training, and the people and organizations that welfare recipients use as resources to find jobs and educational programs. Questionnaires were collected from 338 people currently enrolled in nine training programs or community colleges. The study found that the majority of the respondents had completed high school or a high school equivalency program, had extensive work experience, and had worked in a variety of mostly lower-level jobs. Work experience varied dramatically across race, nationality, gender, education, and marital status. About 83 percent had attended a training program, with more persons of color than whites attending. Conclusions of the study included the following: (1) the population on public assistance is very diverse; (2) the low-wage and welfare populations are largely interchangeable, depending on who currently has employment; (3) combining work, training, and appropriate social supports works best; (4) a high school diploma or equivalent is an essential first step to escape poverty; (5) different kinds of training work best for different populations; (6) enriching social networks through mentoring or buddy programs helps some people improve their situations; and (7) policy makers need to work with nonprofit subcontractors to design appropriate evaluation procedures and incentive structures. (KC)
Descriptors: Education Work Relationship, Employment Programs, High School Equivalency Programs, Incentives, Job Training, Low Income, Low Income Groups, Lower Class, Mentors, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Poverty, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Program Implementation, Social Networks, Social Services, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services, Work Experience
For full text: http://www.chss.iup.edu/jschneid/picrepes.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)