ERIC Number: ED449277
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Dec-12
High School Dropout, Race-Ethnicity, and Social Background from the 1970s to the 1990s.
Hauser, Robert M.; Simmons, Solon J.; Pager, Devah I.
This paper uses data from the October Current Population Surveys, which involved 167,400 youth age 14-24 years who were subject to the risk of high school dropout, to examine the effects of race, ethnicity, and social background on high school students' dropout rates. Research indicates that between 1972 and 1998, the dropout rate was least among whites and greatest among Hispanics, and it has declined among whites and African Americans since the late 1970s. Annual dropout rates are successively higher in each of the last 3 years of high school. Males drop out more than females. Social background favors school continuation among whites relative to minorities, but trends in background are favorable to both whites and African Americans. Residence in a large, central city increases high school dropout rates among whites and African Americans. The end of compulsory school attendance increases dropout rates, especially among minorities. Having a female head of household increases dropout, particularly among whites. The postsecondary education of parents and home ownership sharply lower dropout. Residential location, family structure, and socioeconomic standing should inform the understanding of changes in high school dropout rates, as should the dynamics of the economy and of educational policy. (Contains 26 figures and 27 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Russell Sage Foundation, New York, NY.; Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A