ERIC Number: ED449272
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Nov
School Support Programs: Implications for School Leadership and the Empowerment of Economically Disadvantaged Students.
This paper examines the way in which some schools are redefining the community-school link and discusses research on schools offering services to the community. It describes how social services provided by schools affect education and the extent to which schools that take an ecological approach to schooling provide a sense of efficacy and empowerment among needy children and their families. A historical discussion presents key moments in history and policy that have influenced the evolution of social service schools. Next, the paper discusses the current status of American schools in promoting health and well-being. The numerous benefits of using schools as a hub for community-based services are noted, including greater access to, and ongoing contact with, students; better data on and knowledge of the students; and empowerment of students and families to become involved in the community and in schooling. Barriers to success of outreach programs include inability to radically change the community's weak economic base; belief that schools should not be responsible for anything but learning; political, governance, and stakeholder issues; and sustainability. Considerable research suggests that these programs are truly enhancing the academic and personal lives of disadvantaged students, though some research has indicated that little evidence has been found to support these claims. (Contains 19 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the University Council of Educational Administration conference (Albuquerque, New Mexico, November 2000).