ERIC Number: ED449229
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Aug-7
Reference Count: N/A
Preliminary Development of the Gay and Lesbian Oppressive Situations Inventory-Frequency and Effect (GALOSI-F & -E).
Highlen, Pamela S.; Bean, Mary Clay; Sampson, Mark G.
This paper is the first of a series reporting on the development and validation of the Gay and Lesbian Oppressive Situations Inventory-Frequency and the Gay and Lesbian Oppressive Situations Inventory-Effect (GALOSI-F and GALOSI-E). To generate items, 8 focus groups of lesbians (n=13) and gay men (n=19) were conducted. An expert panel of three lesbians and one gay man evaluated the items developed. The GALOSI was posted on a Web page until 607 respondents completed the inventory. Missing data, which resulted when participants chose the "nonapplicable" response option, precluded the use of exploratory factor analysis for the entire data set. Separate exploratory factor analyses and reliability estimates were conducted for each of seven hypothesized GALOSI factors. Items were assigned to the following categories based on the examination of the first GALOSI data set and the literature: (1) Couples Issues; (2) Danger to Safety; (3) Exclusion, Rejection, and Separation; (4) Internalized Homonegativity; (5) Restricted Opportunities and Rights; (6) Stigmatizing and Stereotyping; and (7) Verbal Harassment and Intimidation. Through these analyses, the GALOSI-F was reduced to 49 items and the GALOSI-E was reduced to 47 items. For both instruments, Couples Issues and Restricted Opportunities and Rights scales evidenced problems, suggesting that these two scales need to be refined. However, for the remaining five scales, adequate preliminary scale structure and reliabilities were obtained. For the GALOSI-F, alphas ranged from 0.63 to 0.88; for the GALOSI-E, alphas ranged from 0.77 to 0.93. Neither the GALOSI-F nor the GALOSI-E was significantly correlated with socially desirable responding. Additional studies are underway to examine the structural and convergent validity of the GALOSI. (Contains 3 tables and 18 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A