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ERIC Number: ED449206
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Dec-31
Pages: 63
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Do Teacher Salaries Make a Difference? Tennessee Teachers' Salaries and Student Achievement in the Year 2000.
Miller-Whitehead, Marie
The 2000 Tennessee School Systems Report Card data for 138 Tennessee public school systems were examined to identify variables that predict student performance in reading, language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, writing, high school competency examinations, attendance, and graduation. The dependent variable was school system grade point average (GPA), computed from grades assigned to each school system in each of the graded areas for students in grades K-5 and 7-12. Predictor variables were system per pupil expenditure, system size, percent local funding, percent low income students, percent ethnicity, and school system average teacher salary. A hierarchical regression analysis with school system GPA as the dependent variable results in an "R squared" of 0.62 and adjusted R squared of 0.60, F(6,129)=34.909, p<0.001 on step 1 of the analysis, with teacher salary having the most positive effect on student achievement and system size and percent of students on free and reduced price meal having the most significant negative effect. Teacher salary was then regressed on per pupil expenditure, system size, percent local funding, percent students on free and reduced price meal, and percent white student. The analysis yielded an R squared of 0.80 and an adjusted R squared of 0.79, F(5,131)=104.005, p<0.001. As expected, teacher salary was highly correlated with percent local funding, per pupil expenditure, and county per capita income. Larger school systems were slightly more likely to have higher teacher salaries, but not at a statistically significant level, and systems with larger percentages of students on free or reduced price meals were significantly more likely to have lower teacher salaries. Percent of white students in the system has a negative effect on teacher salary, but not at a significant level. Two appendixes contain a chart of the Tennessee county per capita income in 1996 and information about the Tennessee performance model. (Contains 11 tables, 9 figures, and 24 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee