ERIC Number: ED449198
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
TOEFL and FCE Tests as Predictors of Academic Success for Undergraduate Students at the University of Bahrain.
Al-Musawi, Nu'man M.; Al-Ansari, Saif H.
The purpose of this study was to examine the multivariate relationship of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the First Certificate of English (FCE), administered by the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate, and to determine whether students' total score on the TOEFL or their overall score on the FCE tends to be a better predictor of their success at the University of Bahrain as measured by overall grade point average (GPA). Subjects were 86 students enrolled at the University of Bahrain. The multivariate prediction of GPA from the scores on the FCE was very accurate. Regression analyses revealed that the FCE Cloze and Sentence Transformation subscores were the only test scores that contributed to the prediction of the student's GPA and his or her GPA in English courses. The TOEFL section scores did not contribute enough to be maintained in the linear prediction model. Results indicate that the FCE is a better test instrument than the TOEFL, especially when English is being taught as a foreign language. Since the TOEFL test did not appear to be an effective predictor of students' academic achievement at the university level, using it as a test instrument in any of the major language courses taught at the university within an English as a Second Language context should be reconsidered. (Contains 7 tables and 22 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Bahrain
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language