ERIC Number: ED448997
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Pupils Reasoning about the Nature of Change Using an Abstract Picture Language.
Stylianidou, Fani; Boohan, Richard
The research is concerned with investigating children's understanding of physical, chemical, and biological changes while using an approach developed by the project Energy and Change. This project aimed to provide novel ways of teaching about the nature and direction of changes, in particular introducing ideas related to the Second Law of Thermodynamics in a way accessible to pupils aged 11 upwards. To accomplish this, the project developed an abstract picture language, through which the scientific story is told. An intensive study of the learning of a number of different groups of pupils was undertaken, based on records of their written work, observational notes of lessons, and small group interviews. The interviews were carried out at intervals throughout the teaching program in order to follow in a systematic way the development of pupil's ideas. This paper follows the progress of two groups of four 12-year-old pupils over a period of eight months. The abstract picture language and the teaching approach aim to provide a coherent and systematic account of the fundamental nature of all changes. The analysis reveals some of the issues which are involved in understanding the nature and causes of change and how this understanding can be fostered. (Contains 29 references.) (Author/YDS)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Energy, Foreign Countries, Junior High Schools, Matter, Middle Schools, Science Curriculum, Science Instruction, Thermodynamics
For full text: http://www.narst.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom