ERIC Number: ED448984
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
The Multigrade Classroom: A Resource Handbook for Small, Rural Schools. Book 7: Planning and Using Peer Tutoring.
Vincent, Susan, Ed.
In multigrade instruction, children of at least a 2-year grade span and diverse ability levels are grouped in a single classroom and share experiences involving intellectual, academic, and social skills. "The Multigrade Classroom" is a seven-book series that provides an overview of current research on multigrade instruction, identifies key issues teachers face in a multigrade setting, and provides a set of resource guides for multigrade teachers. Book 7 discusses peer and cross-age tutoring and ways to develop a student tutoring program in the multigrade elementary classroom. In traditional single-grade classrooms, peer tutoring may occur on an incidental basis when one student seeks help from another. In the multigrade classroom, incidental tutoring is an encouraged and necessary instructional activity. Structured tutoring is even more effective than incidental tutoring. A research review outlines tutoring conditions producing the greatest success, what makes peer and cross-age tutoring effective, the benefits that student tutors derive from tutoring, common problems, and the elements necessary for a successful tutoring program. Teacher guidelines for developing a peer tutoring program focus on setting goals and learning objectives; criteria for choosing tutoring participants; the tutoring site; scheduling; deciding which subjects will be tutored; considerations related to materials, tutor training, tutoring approaches and strategies, monitoring and feedback, and tutor behavior and responsibilities; and evaluation of program success and tutoring effectiveness. (Contains 36 references and 7 resources.) (SV)
Descriptors: Class Organization, Classroom Techniques, Cross Age Teaching, Elementary Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Multigraded Classes, Peer Teaching, Tutoring
These publications are also available online as PDFs at http://www.nwrel.org/ruraled/index.html#multigradepubs.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.; Institute of International Education, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR, Rural Education Program.
Note: Based on a 1989 publication of the same name by Bruce A. Miller. For related books in the series, see RC 022 770-775. Cover title varies.