ERIC Number: ED448978
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Multigrade Classroom: A Resource Handbook for Small, Rural Schools. Book 1: Review of the Research on Multigrade Instruction.
Vincent, Susan, Ed.
In multigrade instruction, children of at least a 2-year grade span and diverse ability levels are grouped in a single classroom and share experiences involving intellectual, academic, and social skills. "The Multigrade Classroom" is a seven-book series that provides an overview of current research on multigrade instruction, identifies key issues teachers face in a multigrade setting, and offers a set of resource guides for multigrade teachers. Book 1 synthesizes research findings that compare multigrade and single-grade elementary classrooms with regard to various cognitive and noncognitive outcomes. Quantitative studies of academic achievement and student attitudes indicate that the multigrade classroom does not negatively affect students' academic performance, social relationships, or attitudes. Multigrade students do particularly well on measures of student affect. Qualitative studies of multigrade classrooms point to principal leadership, teacher beliefs, school climate, and sufficient time and money as essential ingredients for success. A table outlines what teachers and administrators need to know about multigrade instruction, and steps are listed for setting up multigrade classrooms. Classroom, school, and sociocultural factors unique to rural, small schools are listed. Studies involving multigrade instruction are reviewed. Key variables affecting multigrade teaching and administrative concerns are identified. (Contains 67 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrator Role, Classroom Environment, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Multigraded Classes, Rural Schools, School Administration, Small Schools, Student Attitudes, Teaching Methods
These publications are also available online as PDFs at http://www.nwrel.org/ruraled/index.html#multigradepubs.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.; Institute of International Education, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR, Rural Education Program.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Kentucky Education Reform Act 1990