ERIC Number: ED448969
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Advanced Telecommunications in Rural America: The Challenge of Bringing Broadband Service to All Americans.
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (DOC), Washington, DC.; Rural Utilities Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
This report, in response to a request by 10 U.S. Senators examines the status of broadband deployment in the United States. The rate of deployment of broadband services will be key to future economic growth, particularly in rural areas far from urban and world markets. This report finds that rural areas, especially remote areas outside of towns, are far behind urban areas in broadband availability. Only two technologies, cable modem and digital subscriber line (DSL), are being deployed at a high rate, but deployment is primarily in urban markets. Less than 5 percent of towns of 10,000 or less have cable modem or DSL service, and service in remote rural areas is far lower. Broadband over cable, which provides most broadband service, has been deployed in large cities, suburban areas, and towns. The primary reason for the slower deployment rate in rural areas is economic. Costs per customer increase with the distance between customers. New technologies, such as satellite and wireless broadband services, have potential for rural areas because customer location has no effect on costs. Policymakers should promote competition, but other government policies should be considered. Recommendations include expanding government programs that ensure access to new technologies, redefining universal service, creating funding mechanisms that ensure equal access to telecommunications and information services by rural and urban residents, and supporting development of alternative technologies. Appendices present data on cable modem and DSL deployment, characteristics of satellite systems, and a letter from U.S. Senators. (TD)
Descriptors: Access to Information, Communications Satellites, Economic Development, Geographic Isolation, Information Technology, Internet, Rural Areas, Rural Urban Differences, Telecommunications
For full text: http://www.ntia.doc.gov/reports/ruralbb42600.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Telecommunications and Information Administration (DOC), Washington, DC.; Rural Utilities Service (USDA), Washington, DC.