ERIC Number: ED448956
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Standards-Based Reform and Rural School Improvement: Similarities, Differences, Prospects for the Future. Rural Education Issue Digest.
Kannapel, Patricia J.
This comparison of standards-based reform with rural school improvement efforts that emphasize locally responsive, place-based curricula reveals differences and similarities in the two movements. The standards-based movement is focused on setting state and national standards that all students must meet, suggesting a common curricular focus. Most advocates of standards-based reform advocate some local discretion. Rural school improvement is focused on teaching children knowledge and skills within the context of their local communities to prepare them for effective participation at the local as well as state and national levels. Standards would be developed within local communities. Explicit in this approach is the desire to sustain rural communities and lifeways. Despite their differences, the two movements share two important goals: promoting greater educational equity and increasing the intellectual rigor of classroom curricula and pedagogy. If place-based curricula are to coexist with and complement standards-based reforms, three key issues must be resolved. First, if standards are developed locally, how will schools be helped to develop local assessments tied to those standards and how would they be held accountable? If state assessments tied to accountability mechanisms are imposed, how can those assessments be responsive to locally developed curricula? Second, what kind of professional development assistance do teachers need to develop experiential curricula tied to state standards but centered on the community, and who will provide this assistance? Finally, how can parents and community members be involved in creating standards that are uniformly high for all students but responsive to local needs? (Contains 21 notes.) (TD)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Accountability, Change Strategies, Community Involvement, Educational Change, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education, National Standards, Place Based Education, Professional Development, Rural Education, School Community Relationship
Full text at Web site: http://www.ael.org/rel/rural/pdf/digest2.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: AEL, Inc., Charleston, WV.