ERIC Number: ED448955
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000
Long School Bus Rides: Their Effect on School Budgets, Family Life, and Student Achievement. Rural Education Issue Digest.
More children are riding school buses longer distances than ever before, but this review of research on busing finds a surprising shortage of information on the subject, apart from safety figures and costs and efficiencies of the buses themselves. Historically, increased student transportation has been the by-product of school consolidation, but the cost of transportation is the most understudied issue in the consolidation debate. Rural children are most affected. They are the ones who most often have had their community schools closed, and they are the ones enduring the longest bus rides. In addition, rural school districts face higher transportation costs that may force them to choose whether to run buses or expand curriculum. Some research and much anecdotal evidence suggest that long bus rides have negative effects on family life, the ability of students to perform well in school, and students' ability to fully participate in the school experience. Additionally, no economic value is placed on children's time, nor is their time considered a significant issue in the debate over school closures, long bus rides, and the quality of education. More research on busing is needed, especially on the effects of long bus rides on children and families and on the correlations between long bus rides and dropout rates, student achievement, and parent participation. (Contains 37 notes.) (TD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bus Transportation, Consolidated Schools, Costs, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Life, Parent Participation, Quality of Life, Research Needs, Rural Schools, School Districts, Student Experience, Student Transportation
Full text at Web site: http://www.ael.org/rel/rural/pdf/digest1.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: AEL, Inc., Charleston, WV.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A