ERIC Number: ED448894
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Building Their Futures: How Early Head Start Programs Are Enhancing the Lives of Infants and Toddlers in Low-Income Families. Summary Report.
Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Office of Research and Evaluation.; Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Head Start Bureau.
Early Head Start began with 68 new programs in 1995, and today, more than 600 programs serve some 45,000 low-income families with infants and toddlers. This two-generation program provides high-quality child and family development services, a focus on staff development, and a commitment to community partnerships. A rigorous national evaluation, including about 3,000 children and families in 17 sites, began in 1995. This summary report highlights the first main impact findings emerging from the analysis of child and family outcomes through the first 2 years of the children's lives. The evaluation found that after a year or more of program services, when compared with a randomly assigned control group, 2-year-old Early Head Start children performed significantly better on a range of measures of cognitive, language, and social-emotional development. Their parents scored significantly higher than control group parents on many of the measures of the home environment, parenting behavior, and knowledge of infant-toddler development. Early Head Start families were more likely to attend school or job training and experienced reductions in parenting stress and family conflict. Although these impacts are generally modest in size, the pattern of positive findings across a wide range of key domains important for children's well-being and future development is promising, because the pattern is consistent across multiple domains of child and family functioning known to be associated with later child outcomes, including social abilities, literacy, and school readiness. (A list of members of the Early Head Start Research Consortium is appended.) (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Office of Research and Evaluation.; Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Head Start Bureau.