ERIC Number: ED448887
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Research Perspectives: Past, Present, and Future. A View from the Research Forum on Children, Families, and the New Federalism. 2000 Edition.
Blum, Barbara B.; Farnsworth, Jennifer; Lennon, Mary Clare; Winn, Ellen
Research continues to provide valuable information about the effects of welfare changes on families receiving public assistance. This working paper is the second in a series of three examining what has been learned since the enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996. Following an introduction outlining the requirements of the PRWORA, the paper delineates questions salient to the issue of reauthorization of the Act related to state spending/supplantation (substituting federal funds for state funds), caseload dynamics, employment, income, family composition, special populations, ameliorating negative effects through interventions, and the effects of a serious recession. The paper further presents highlights of previous and current research findings pertinent to the objectives of PRWORA and identifies needed research areas. The research methodology issues still requiring action are described, including promoting well-designed, rigorous research; disseminating information from conferences and meetings; synthesizing findings; enhancing current research activities; examining specific populations; and testing special interventions. The paper concludes by noting that although an impressive portfolio of research findings is available to sustain positive trends and ameliorate problems related to PRWORA, an ambitious research agenda remains to address further unanswered questions. The paper's appendix lists reviewed and unreviewed projects in the Research Forum Database, with publication contact information. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Chase Manhattan Foundations, New York, NY.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Children in Poverty, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act