ERIC Number: ED448591
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Oct
Language Learning Strategies Use by Secondary Foreign Language Students.
National Capital Language Resource Center, Washington, DC.
This study investigated over a 3-year period the learning strategies high school students reported using for learning a second language. The learning strategies used across languages and modalities are described. The report is organized by instrument--questionnaires, small group interviews, individual think-aloud interviews--and presents the data for the various languages and levels of study accordingly. Students of all languages are consciously aware of the techniques they use to learn a language. When implementing learning strategies, teachers should build on students' existing knowledge of strategies. Students should be included in the instructional process by allowing them to identify and share their most effective techniques for different language tasks. Questionnaire data reveal that students can benefit from using strategies more often, but that in order to do so, students need to have the metacognitive knowledge of why and when each strategy is effective. Increased metacognition of how strategies work across the skill areas may help students make appropriate strategy choices. (Contains five Tables, 17 figures, and five appendices--the questionnaires, the group interview guide, student quotations from group interviews, the think aloud interview guide, and the learning strategies coding scheme for think aloud interviews.) (KFT)
Descriptors: Chinese, Classroom Techniques, German, High School Students, High Schools, Interviews, Japanese, Learning Strategies, Metacognition, Participant Observation, Questionnaires, Russian, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Spanish, Study Skills, Teaching Methods
National Capital Language Resource Center, 2011 Eye Street, N.W., Suite 200, Washington, DC 20006. Tel: 202-973-1086.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Capital Language Resource Center, Washington, DC.
Note: The National Capital Language Resource Center was formerly the National Foreign Language Resource Center. NCLRC is a consortium of Georgetown University, The George Washington University, and the Center for Applied Linguistics.