ERIC Number: ED448544
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000
A Differentiated Model of Giftedness and Talent. Year 2000 Update.
This paper updates the discussion of Francoys Gagne's Differentiated Model of Giftedness and Talent (DMGT), which proposes a clear distinction between these two most basic concepts in the field of gifted education. Under the DMGT model, giftedness is defined as the possession and use of untrained and spontaneously expressed superior natural abilities (called aptitudes or gifts), in at least one ability domain, to a degree that places an individual at least among the top 10 percent of his or her age peers. The DMGT proposes four aptitude domains for giftedness: intellectual, creative, socioaffective, and sensorimotor. These natural abilities, whose development and level of expression is partially controlled by the individual's genetic endowment, can be observed in every task that children are confronted with in the course of their schooling. Under the DMGT model, talent is defined as the superior mastery of systematically developed abilities (or skills) and knowledge in at least one field of human activity to a degree that places an individual at least among the top 10 percent of age peers who are or have been active in that field or fields. The effect of developmental process, interpersonal catalysts, environmental catalysts, and chance on giftedness and talent are discussed. (CR)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A