ERIC Number: ED448381
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Parental Social Anxiety during an Experimental Parent-Child Learned Helplessness Procedure.
Kashdan, Todd B.; Jacob, Rolf G.; Pelham, William E.; Lang, Alan R.; Jennings, Richard J.; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Blumenthal, Jonathan D.
Research suggests that mothers interacting with disruptive children tend to experience greater negative affect (NA) and less parental confidence. Because children with externalizing disorders can be quite oppositional and rejecting, involvement in the parental role can lead to a sense of learned helplessness that can exacerbate anxious feelings. This study looked at whether high-social anxiety (SA) mothers were more likely to experience greater distress and negative self-appraisals of parenting performance than low-SA mothers, during an experimental interaction with an uncontrollable, deviant child. The experimental task had each parent interact with child confederates such that in one session a child behaved in a cooperative fashion and in a second session, a different child exhibited behaviors characteristic of externalizing disorders. Measures of distress and affect including self-ratings, observer mood ratings, heart rate, and blood pressure were obtained. Results indicated that high-SA parents experienced greater NA, regardless of child behavior, compared to low-SA parents. It appears that high-SA parents have a lower threshold for activated negative emotions such as anxiety, anger, and irritability and less positive interpersonal engagement. (Contains 3 tables and 27 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A