ERIC Number: ED448379
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Impaired Driving among Youth: Trends & Tools for Prevention. Technical Report.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.
In 1996, after years of decline, alcohol-related crashes involving youth between 15 and 20 years old increased by nearly 5%. The estimated medical, monetary, and lost quality-of-life costs associated with injuries in crashes of young drivers are staggering. Policymakers are being called upon to address the problem of underage drinking and associated preventable problems, such as impaired driving and injuries. Strategies to prevent drinking and driving have proven to be effective. Substance abuse prevention professionals need to learn which strategies work and incorporate them into their ongoing efforts to prevent substance abuse problems. Brief overviews of some of these proven strategies are included and details are given on an extensive deterrence model. The report consists of four chapters. The first is an overview of the impaired driving problem with a focus on the young driver. Chapter 2 reviews minimum-age 21 alcohol purchase laws and discusses what states and communities do to ensure their enforcement. Chapter 3 discusses zero tolerance statutes, which require zero or low blood levels for young drivers. The last chapter concerns graduated licensing, a system that slowly eases young drivers into traffic flow. (Contains 16 figures, 9 tables, and 99 references.) (JDM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Education, Drinking, Driving While Intoxicated, Laws, Prevention, State Legislation, Young Adults, Zero Tolerance Policy
National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information, P.O. Box 2345, Rockville, MD 20847. Tel: 800-729-6686 (Toll Free); TDD: 800-487-4899 (Toll Free); Web site: http://www.health.org.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.