ERIC Number: ED448326
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Success in the New Welfare Environment: An Assessment of Approaches in HUD's Employment and Training Initiatives.
Boland, Kathleen A.; Sosland, Abby; Fishman, Michael E.; Gardiner, Karen N.
With the transformation of the welfare system, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) reviewed the employment and training components of 13 of its programs. The evaluation begins with a literature review that identifies these four groups of elements associated with positive outcomes: employment services that have an employment or education and training focus; eliminating barriers through provision of child care, transportation, and remedying substance abuse and personal problems; cash and in-kind supports that augment earned income; and transitional supports such as life skills training and peer support. These elements provided the framework for in-depth, on-site interviews with individuals from local housing authorities, employment and training agencies, welfare offices, and community-based organizations in Baltimore, Boston, Los Angeles, Milwaukee, and San Antonio. Among the study's findings were the following: (1) HUD programs were generally consistent with the literature on employment and training programs; (2) Section 8 recipients have less access to employment-focused HUD programs; (3) Only Jobs Plus primarily served residents on welfare in all sites observed; (4) programs that target TANF (Transitional Assistance for Needy Families) recipients combine HUD funding streams and harness resources from the broader community; (5) strong linkages exist with labor agencies but relationships with welfare departments could be strengthened; (6) the implementation of financial incentives policies for residents must be resolved; and (7) housing authorities approach the issue of helping residents attain self-sufficiency differently. An appendix provides assessment plans for various programs. (Contains 71 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Daily Living Skills, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Education Work Relationship, Employment Programs, Government Role, Health Education, Housing, Housing Needs, Housing Opportunities, Job Training, Poverty, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Substance Abuse, Success, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
HUD USER, P.O. Box 6091, Rockville, MD 20849; Tel: 800-245-2691 (Toll Free); TDD: 800-483-2209 (Toll Free), Fax: 301-519-5767; e-mail: email@example.com ($5). For full text: http://www.huduser.org/publications/pdf/success.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC. Office of Policy Development and Research.
Authoring Institution: ICF, Inc., Washington, DC.; Lewin Group, Inc., Washington, DC.