ERIC Number: ED448295
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Women at the Millennium, Accomplishments and Challenges Ahead. Facts on Working Women.
Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
To benefit from new millennium opportunities, women should take advantage of the burgeoning information technology revolution and growth in other mathematics- and science-based occupations. Among occupations, professional jobs will increase the fastest and add the most employment. Among industries, the computer and data processing services industries lead in rate of employment growth. Immigration continues to play a major role in labor force growth, with the Hispanic labor force growing four times as fast as the rest of the labor force. Equal employment opportunity legislation in the 20th century has been particularly helpful to women. In the 20th century, women's labor force participation by age has changed from the "M" curve--with women entering the workforce, leaving to care for families, then returning to work--to the inverted "bowl" shape of men's participation by age. Although women's employment in high tech occupations has increased, there is still tremendous potential for women. One of the most significant changes that occurred between 1900-1999 is the rise of women managers. The gap between women's and men's earnings has been narrowing since 1973. Although their earnings increased sharply during the 1980s, during the 1990s the growth slowed and a gap persists. Women should be encouraged to press for fair or equal wages and workplaces that allow workers to meet work and family obligations. (YLB)
Descriptors: Administrators, Adult Education, Demand Occupations, Employed Women, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Projections, Futures (of Society), Hispanic Americans, Information Technology, Labor Force, Labor Legislation, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Fairness, Work Environment
For full text: http://www.dol.gov/dol/wb/public/wb_pubs/millennium52000.htm.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.