ERIC Number: ED448292
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Future Work. Myths and Realities No. 11.
In many of the stories foretelling the future of work, technology is assumed to be the irresistible driver of change. Both ends of the spectrum are foreseen: either technology will create new jobs and transform existing work to higher skill levels, or technology, especially information technology, will destroy jobs or degrade them into less skilled, more routine work. Digital technology changes the mix of jobs (eliminating and creating), alters skill demands (increasing and decreasing), and widens the polarization between low- and high-skill jobs. The effects vary by industry, sector, or occupation. Technological change and the globalization made possible largely by digital technology are the primary forces behind the restructuring and redistribution of work. Changes in production processes, organizational structures, and management practices lead to these two assertions: (1) the permanent, secure job is dead and everyone will be a free-agent, self-employed worker in the "e-lance" economy; and (2) this type of flexibility is a win-win situation. Work as now defined excludes human activity involving anything other than market values. Shifting the focus to the citizen, not the economic individual, has been advocated. (Contains 18 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Appropriate Technology, Emerging Occupations, Employment, Employment Projections, Futures (of Society), Global Approach, Information Technology, Labor Needs, Quality of Working Life, Science and Society, Technological Advancement
For full text: http://www.ericacve.org/fulltext.asp.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.