ERIC Number: ED448288
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Apprenticeship. Trends and Issues Alert No. 19.
Wonacott, Michael E.
Although apprenticeship used to be viewed as academically questionable, today many educators consider it an ideal vehicle for the work-based learning necessary for the school-to-work transition. In particular, youth apprenticeships are seen as having potential to minimize youth floundering in the labor market, ensure educative work experiences, increase earnings and educational attainment, and make school more meaningful. Unions may perceive youth apprenticeship as a threat to their influence, or they may view it as a help in maintaining unions and wages. Many states focus their efforts on employer participation in youth apprenticeships, but concerns about costs, lost trainer productivity, and liability often affect employer participation in youth apprenticeship. Employers involved in apprenticeship would prefer increased training and support for workplace mentors and trainers and improved coordination with schools. Women tend to be underrepresented in apprenticeship and to enjoy less favorable earnings outcomes, while African Americans are often over-represented but have less favorable completion rates and employment and earnings outcomes. Students may not be aware of apprenticeship opportunities, or they and their parents may have unfavorable perceptions of this option. (This document contains an annotated bibliography listing 28 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Blacks, Citations (References), Education Work Relationship, Educational Attitudes, Educational Benefits, Employer Attitudes, Employer Employee Relationship, Females, Males, Mentors, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Unions, Womens Education, Work Experience Programs
For full text: http://www.ericacve.org/fulltext.asp.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.