ERIC Number: ED448267
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Parenting and Providing: The Impact of Parents' Fair Share on Paternal Involvement.
Knox, Virginia; Redcross, Cindy
The Parents' Fair Share (PFS) Demonstration, a multi-site national project, tested a new approach to child support enforcement for low-income noncustodial parents (NCPs). Findings were drawn on survey responses of 2,005 custodial parents, mothers of children for whom NCPs owed child support. The sample was randomly assigned to a program group, subject to mandatory participation in PFS, or a control group not eligible for PFS services. Key findings indicated low-income NCPs targeted by the PFS program had widely varying levels of involvement with their children; NCPs in the PFS program group were more likely to provide formal child support; and PFS did not change the likelihood that NCPs would provide informal support, but led to a small reduction in the average value of informal support given. Analysis of PFS impacts by subgroups suggested future programs can reduce the likelihood that NCPs will cut back on their informal contributions by taking these two steps: (1) increasing earnings capacity of the most disadvantaged NCPs; and (2) developing innovative ways to encourage fathers to maintain informal support. PFS did not increase the amount of contact fathers had with their children, but increased fathers' efforts to engage in active parenting, increased frequency of discussions about the child among parents with the youngest children, and increased the likelihood of visits for NCPs with no high school credential. (Appendixes contain additional tables and 33 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Child Custody, Child Support, Child Welfare, Demonstration Programs, Fathers, Low Income Groups, National Programs, National Surveys, One Parent Family, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Responsibility, Parent Role
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016, Tel: 212-532-3200, Web site: http://www.mdrc.org ($12). For full text: http://www.mdrc.org/Reports2000/Parents'FairShare/Parenting&Providing.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Department of Labor, Washington, DC.; Smith Richardson Foundation, Inc., Greensboro, NC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Northwest Area Foundation, St. Paul, MN.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.