ERIC Number: ED448262
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
National Youth Gang Survey, 1998. OJJDP Summary.
Institute for Intergovernmental Research, Tallahassee, FL. National Youth Gang Center.; Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
This summary provides results from the 1998 National Youth Gang Survey, administered to a representative sample of city and county police and sheriff's departments nationwide. Results indicate that the percentage of jurisdictions reporting active youth gangs decreased from 51 percent in 1997 to 48 percent in 1998. About 780,200 gang members were active in 28,700 youth gangs in 1998, a decrease from 1997's rates of 816,000 and 30,500, respectively. Despite these declines, gangs remain a serious problem. Every city with a population of 250,000 or greater reported the presence of youth gangs, as they did in 1996 and 1997. The number of gang members increased 43 percent in rural counties from 1996-1998. In 1998, 60 percent of gang members were over age 17 years, and 92 percent were male. Most gangs reported using firearms in assault crimes. One-third of all gangs were drug gangs. Drug gangs were most prevalent in rural counties where 38 percent of gangs were found to be drug gangs, as compared to 35 percent in the large cities. Five appendixes include: 1998 National Youth Gang Survey form for representative and comparative samples, random sample selection methodology, jurisdictions reporting active youth gangs in 1998, and U.S. regions and divisions used for the survey. (Contains 20 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Crime, Delinquency, Guns, Homicide, Juvenile Gangs, Minority Groups, Tables (Data), Violence, Young Adults
Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS, P.O. Box 6000, Rockville, MD 20849-6000. Tel: 800-638-8736 (Toll Free); Fax: 410-792-4358; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.ncjrs.org/puborder.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for Intergovernmental Research, Tallahassee, FL. National Youth Gang Center.; Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.