ERIC Number: ED448244
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Characteristics of Effective Urban College Preparation Programs. ERIC Digest Number 159.
This digest reviews approaches that have been proven effective in preparing urban minority youth for college. Precollege programs that offer comprehensive approaches and combine a variety of services have the largest impact on college access for minority youth in low-income neighborhoods. The most effective programs are of substantial duration and focus on readiness rather than remediation. The key element of a college preparation program is its ability to provide students with the information and experiences necessary for postsecondary attainment. An effective program uses a variety of teaching strategies, including direct teaching in a variety of content areas, summer enrichment programs, individual and group counseling, tutoring, college visits and courses, peer and adult mentoring, and motivational speakers. Effective programs are characterized by academic support that includes pipeline courses, study skills and test preparation instruction, and high expectations. These programs also have social support components that incorporate parent involvement, peer support, cultural affirmation, and community involvement. Financial support, support for success in the college climate, and support in developing necessary competencies, especially social and cultural capital, are required, as well. Staff development is also an essential part of successful precollege programs. (Contains 10 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Access to Education, College Preparation, Cultural Awareness, Disadvantaged Youth, High School Students, High Schools, Minority Groups, Program Effectiveness, Urban Schools, Urban Youth
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Institute for Urban and Minority Education, Box 40, Teacher College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027. Tel: 800-601-4868 (Toll Free); For full text: http://eric-web.tc.columbia.edu.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.