ERIC Number: ED448230
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Nov
Child Well-Being at the Outset of Welfare Reform: An Overview of the Nation and 13 States. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-23. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Vandivere, Sharon; Moore, Kristin Anderson; Brown, Brett
This brief examines state-level data on social, economic, and child well-being measures at the outset of welfare reform, highlighting 13 states being studied in-depth. The National Survey of America's Families (NSAF) reveals that social and economic conditions relevant to welfare reform are quite diverse among the 13 states. State differences in child well-being are not as large as those for poverty, welfare dependence, single parenthood, and employment. Nevertheless, outcomes for children vary across states and also differ significantly from the national average in one or two of the indicators of child well-being in each state. For each of five child outcomes measured (behavioral and emotional problems, fair or poor health, low school engagement, skipped school, and suspended or expelled), NSAF data show that American children living in families with characteristics deemed harmful by architects of welfare reform fare significantly worse than other children. After adjusting for differences in socioeconomic conditions across states, the proportions of children experiencing negative outcomes in the 13 states move closer to the national averages in most cases, with some notable differences. Overall, states and families face diverse socioeconomic conditions, and children's well-being strongly relates to family socioeconomic status. (SM)
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Child Health, Child Welfare, Children, Emotional Problems, Employment Level, Expulsion, One Parent Family, Poverty, Socioeconomic Influences, Student Behavior, Suspension, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-261-5687; Fax: 202-293-1918; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.uipress.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Note: Funding also provided by the Stuart Foundation.