ERIC Number: ED448229
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Are Teens in Low-Income and Welfare Families Working Too Much? New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-25. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Lerman, Robert I.
This brief examines the work patterns of 16- to 17-year-old high school students, focusing on: whether teens in low-income families work as much as or more than other teens; how high school students' work patterns vary by race and gender; and whether work by teenagers is associated with negative school-related outcomes. Research indicates that low-income teens are less likely to have jobs in high school. Parent education significantly encourages moderate intensity work while discouraging long hours. Teens in families that once received welfare but are no longer on assistance are most likely to work long hours and least likely to work moderate hours. Hours worked per week vary sharply by gender, while overall employment rate varies significantly by race. There is only a weak connection between long work hours and negative school behaviors, and working teens are less likely to have skipped school or to have extensive behavioral or emotional problems. Teens from low-income and welfare families do less homework, have lower engagement in school, experience much higher rates of expulsion and suspension, skip school more, and suffer more emotional problems. (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Employment Patterns, High School Students, High Schools, Low Income Groups, Minority Groups, Racial Differences, Sex Differences, Student Behavior, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.