ERIC Number: ED448179
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Nov-15
Metacognitive Protocols: A Qualitative Study of Perceptions of "Smartness" of Adults and Children.
Morse, Linda W.; Smith-Mallette, Geraldine; Talento-Miller, Eileen
Metacognition is a theoretical construct used to describe individuals' perceptions of their thinking processes and their own control over their thinking processes. This study examined the protocols of 78 undergraduates who responded to 3 questions from the Swanson Metacognitive Questionnaire: (1) What makes someone really smart? (2) How do children figure things out, like how to do something? and (3) Is there any reason why adults are smarter than children? Why? Two researchers examined the protocols independently and identified some themes. "Smartness" was largely described as having academic knowledge and common sense, with a genetic component. The dominant themes about children's intelligence were that they learn by observation, through asking questions, and by trial and error. Respondents indicated that adults had more life experiences and a larger knowledge base than children. These findings support suggestions in current psychological literature about differences in the thinking processes of children and adults. (Contains 3 tables and 11 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (28th, Bowling Green, KY, November 15-17, 2000).