ERIC Number: ED448160
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-May
The Effects of Music on Age Group Swimmers' Motivation and Practice Behavior.
Stoeckel, Bryan D.
This study examined the effects of music on the motivation of 22 female and 5 male swimmers ages 10-13 years. These age-group swimmers practiced 2.0-2.5 hours per day and had six training sessions per week. Using observation logs, surveys, and open-ended questions, the study analyzed swimmers' perceptions of, and behavior when, listening to music during practice. The researcher observed swimmers' behavior in non-music conditions to establish a baseline and also observed them after the introduction of music during practice. The observation log helped categorize types of behavior and apparent attitudes during music and non-music conditions. Swimmers completed a survey that asked how they felt about music being played during practice. The open-ended questionnaire solicited their responses to music in an athletic setting and in an academic environment. Both the observations and feedback from swimmers indicated that listening to music during practice improved swimmers' attitudes and mood states, thereby enhancing their athletic performance. Swimmers pointed out that having music playing while giving instructions was distracting and counterproductive. Three appendixes contain the observation log, the survey, and the questionnaire. (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A