ERIC Number: ED448016
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Assisting At-Risk Community College Students: Acquisition of Critical Thinking Learning Strategies.
Arburn, Theresa M.; Bethel, Lowell J.
Community college students may be at-risk academically, socioeconomically, or because they are first-generation attendees. Recognizing the need for a strong support system, a study was conducted to determine whether students could be taught to incorporate information processing strategies into their personal inventory of strategies. It was anticipated that learning strategies within the context of a prerequisite course could improve academic performance and increase the incidence of critical thinking skills, thereby assisting students in the pursuit of a professional career or higher academic degree. In a one semester, quasi-experimental study, Human Anatomy and Physiology students were divided into control and experimental groups. The experimental group participated in the use of a student-generated questioning technique in conjunction with lecture presentations, while the control group did not. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) revealed no significant differences with regard to overall achievement, the ability to process information, or the demonstration of critical thinking. Members of the experimental group did, however, exhibit a change in their ability to select main ideas, apply deductive reasoning, and use inference. (Author/SAH)
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Critical Thinking, First Generation College Students, High Risk Students, Learning Strategies, Socioeconomic Status, Teaching Methods, Two Year Colleges
For full text: http://www.narst.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A