ERIC Number: ED447964
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Nov-2
Reference Count: N/A
National Study of Child Care for Low-Income Families. State and Community Substudy Interim Report.
Collins, Ann M.; Layzer, Jean I.; Kreader, J. Lee; Werner, Alan; Glantz, Fred B.
The National Study of Child Care for Low-Income Families, conducted for the Administration for Children and Families in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is a 5-year research effort in 17 states and 25 communities that will provide information on the response of states and communities to the child care needs of low-income families, on the employment and child care choices made by these families, and on the factors that influence those choices. This report is the first in a series that will present study findings, and the first of three that will focus specifically on the issues at the state and community levels. The report's introductory chapter details the legislative context for the study, including the legislative and policy changes produced by welfare reform and the issues raised by those changes. This chapter also provides an overview of the study's objectives, activities and time-frame, and a framework for the report. The second chapter examines the changes and growth in child care expenditures in the study states in the first 3 years of welfare reform and the proportion of funds drawn from federal versus state sources, and from mandatory versus optional sources. Finally, the chapter describes the extent to which child care funds are used to address quality concerns or improve administrative efficiency, as opposed to direct expenditure on child care services. The third chapter focuses on how states are meeting the demand for child care subsidies. The chapter examines changes in the use of subsidies since the passage of welfare reform legislation, the ways in which TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) policies have influenced the use of subsidies and the strategies states have employed to address the subsidy needs of TANF and non-TANF families. The fourth chapter describes the administration of child care subsidies in states and communities. This chapter also examines the ways in which administrative procedures facilitate or make more difficult families' access to subsidies. The fifth chapter addresses questions about the types of care that states are purchasing with child care subsidies and the ways in which states may influence parents' choice of child care arrangement through regulatory policies and other requirements as well as payment rates and procedures. The sixth chapter addresses questions about how the supply of child care has responded to growth in the use of subsidies and what types of care seem to be in short supply. In addition, the chapter examines the strategies states use to distribute quality funds and the extent to which those funds are targeted to the improvement of care for low-income families versus more general improvement. The report's concluding chapter discusses some of the implications of the report's findings. Numerous tables are appended. (HTH)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Abt Associates, Inc., Bethesda, MD.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families