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ERIC Number: ED447915
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Aug-30
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Overview of Integrated Child Development Services Programme in India: Some Policy Implications for Nepal.
Shrestha, Kishor
This paper presents an overview of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) program in India, discusses the context of Early Childhood Education (ECE) in Nepal, analyzes the best practices of the ICDS, and draws some policy implications for improving ECE in Nepal. The ICDS program is an integrated child development program with the following objectives: (1) improving nutritional and health status of children birth-6 years; (2) laying the foundation for proper child development; (3) reducing the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition, and dropping out of school; (4) coordinating policy among various departments promoting child development; and (5) enhancing mothers' capacity to meet their children's health and nutritional needs. Services provided to children and women include supplementary nutrition, immunizations, preschool education, and nutrition and health education. The program is organized at five levels: central, state, district, block, and village. Various studies indicate that ICDS has a positive impact on beneficiaries and the potential of enhancing child survival. In Nepal, ECE programs are currently managed by international nongovernmental organizations or private individuals. Because of increasing numbers of children entering school prior to the age of 6, the Nepal government plans to establish 10,000 preprimary schools before 2002. Developing a comprehensive ECE program and making ECE accessible to children in rural and disadvantaged situations remain the major challenges in Nepal. Recommendations for policy development in Nepal include allocating funds for ECE in the regular government budget and coordinating activities of related ministries, departments, and organizations to provide integrated services to children on a large scale. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India; Nepal