ERIC Number: ED447758
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Toward an Understanding of Percentage Plans in Higher Education: Are They Effective Substitutes for Affirmative Action?
Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
This statement presents the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights' position on higher education percentage plans. The One Florida Plan bans the consideration of race and gender in university admissions, guaranteeing state university admissions to high school seniors in the top 20 percent of their class, regardless of test scores. Texas' Ten Percent Plan entitles the top 10 percent of undergraduate classes within accredited Texas high schools to attend Texas state universities. After abolishing affirmative action, California created the four percent plan, which increases outreach and ensures that students who rank in the top four percent of their junior year class will be eligible for admission to the state university. The essay asserts that though percentage plans succeed as public relations strategies, they ignore law, medical, and other graduate and professional schools, where ending affirmative action is devastating. They are no substitute for strong race-conscious affirmative action, though they directly highlight the failure of states to ensure an equal education for poor, minority students. Civil rights activists must insist that states fix K-12 education now and that while working to repair education, politicians not slam the doors for those who can do academic work now. Attached are Florida's and California's plans and enrollment data. (SM)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Affirmative Action, Black Students, Civil Rights, College Admission, College Applicants, Diversity (Student), Higher Education, Hispanic American Students, Minority Groups, Public Schools
United States Commission on Civil Rights, 624 Ninth Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20425.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: California; Florida; Texas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Hopwood v Texas